Dental Dictionary (Part I)

As you all know, one of our favourite sections in the communication we carry out in our social networks is the Dental Dictionary. From Eduardo López Dental Clinic we always try to transmit all the knowledge we have about dental health to our clients and followers, so that they can understand many of the treatments and actions that we recommend in our clinic. That is why almost a year ago we decided to start the section we came to talk about today. A kind of dictionary where we explain terms that we use in our technical language in a simple way so that anyone can understand them. After a few months of sharing advanced terms and their corresponding explanations, we have decided to create an article where to gather all those terms that we have already published. Obviously, many will be missing because we will be creating more articles (or updating this one, we’ll see) with the next concepts that we discuss. We hope it helps you. Let’s start!

Oral health concepts

(sorted alphabetically)

Bite fin: Radiography that allows to detect decay between the upper and lower molars and premolars simultaneously.

Alveloplast: Surgical remodelling of the bone bed where the teeth are housed

Precision Attachment / Anchoring: Interlocking device to stabilize a removable partial denture.

Splint:Any device used to stabilize loose teeth. It can also be a device used to correct temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJ).

Palatine Firmness: Congenital deformity caused by a lack of fusion between the hard and soft palate.

Furca: Zone of multiracial teeth where the roots divide.

Gingivectomy: Excision or removal of the gum.

Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gingival tissues without loss of connective tissue.

Gingivoplasty: Surgical procedure to reshape the gum.

Halitosis: Bad breath in the mouth, both in children and adults.

Hygienist: : Professional who is licensed to do prophylaxis (mouth cleanings), remove surgery points and other treatments.

Alveolar bone: Bone that surrounds and supports the roots of our teeth.

Impacted: Tooth that cannot erupt because it is tripping over a neighbouring tooth.

Inlay (or Embedding): Restoration made in the laboratory for the filling of a cavity and that adheres to the tooth. Inlays are usually made of gold or porcelain.

Interproximal: Refers to the surfaces of the teeth that contact the adjacent tooth.

Curettage: scrape the gums that need it due to disease.

Lipstick: Part of the teeth that look towards the lip or cheeks

Lingual: Part of the teeth that looks at the tongue

Malocclusion: Incorrect alignment of the upper and lower teeth.

Study / diagnosis model: Reproduction of teeth from an impression of the mouth.

Molar: Dental pieces found at the end of the mouth with large chewing surfaces to grind food.

Seal: Type of filling. Common term to refer to the restoration of a tooth that has suffered decay.

Occlusal: Refers to the chewing surfaces of the teeth.

Occlusion: Contact of the chewing surfaces of the upper and lower teeth.

Prophylaxis: Cleaning of the teeth above the gum line. It can be performed by a dentist or by a dental hygienist.

Prosthodontist: Dentist who is dedicated to the replacement of missing teeth or restoration of damaged teeth.

Immediate prosthesis: Replacing the teeth with a prosthesis the same day the teeth are extracted.

Tartar removal procedure: Elimination of supragingival tartar. Also known as uncovering.

Torus: Bone bulge or protruding bone.

Trismus: Opening Limitation